The North of England thrived as the Industrial Centre of the UK, until it was hit by events such as the Lancashire Cotton Famine of 1861-1865. During the 20th century, Oldham's economy declined into a depression. The last cotton spun in the town was in 1998. Bailey Mill went into administraton in 1996, but remained in use until January 2000. The windows on the ground floor are boarded up, but the old machinery still stands strong in the dark.